Thursday, 11 April 2013

Irish grammar - Forainm Reamhfhocalach (eg Liom, uirthi, agat)

Irish grammar - Forainm Reamhfhocalach (eg Liom, uirthi, agat)


Fancy  Irish word but bascially it is just when you put the reamhfhocal shimplí (as, ag, ar... etc..) and the forainm (mé tú sé...) together.

So for example, instead of saying " le mé..." you say "liom" instead of saying "ar tú" you say "ort" etc etc

The reason behind it... there isnt really any, its just irish, and the grammar behind it and really you may just learn the words, sorry but there is not really any other way around it.

Some you will use more than others. I am putting the main ones here, there are others which are rarely used such as thar, um etc, the most important are probably ag, ar, le, and do, they will be used a lot and you probably already know some of them.

So am going to out the simple preposition at the top, eg le, and then the list underneath. Instead of me having to write out mé tú sé.. all the time i will just write them for the first one and that will be the order they are in for the rest :) 

If you are confused about any of it please feel free to comment. 


                            Ag                           Do
Mé/mise             agam                        dom
Tú/tus                 agat                          duit
Sé/é                    aige                          do
Sí/í                     aici                           di
Sinn/muid         againn                      dúinn
Sibh                  agaibh                      daoibh
Siad                    acu                          dóibh

Le                                         As
liom                                    asam
leat                                     asat
leis                                     as
leí                                      astí
linn                                    asainn
libh                                    asaibh
leo                                      astu

Ar                                       Faoi
orm                                    fúm
ort                                      fút
air                                       faoi
uirthi                                   fúithí  
orainn                                 fúinn
oraibh                                fúibh
orthu                                  fúthú


 Ó                                     De
uaim                                díom
uait                                  díot
uaidh                               de
uaithi                               di
uainn                               dinn
uaibh                               díbh
uathú                               díobh

Roimh                              I
romham                          ionam
romhat                            ionat
roimhe                            ann
roimpi                            inti
romhainn                       ionainn
romhaibh                       ionaibh
rompu                            iontu

Chuig
chugam
chugat
chuige
chuici
chugainn
chugaibh
chucu
 

4 comments:

  1. Hi :) How do you know when to use the less common reamhfhocals..eg:roimh chuig ó de? Is there a definite meaning for them like le and ag? ..thanks :)

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