Thursday, 11 April 2013

Irish Grammar - Reamhfhocal shimplí (eg i, le, go, ag, ar...) simple prepositions

Irish Grammar - Reamhfhocal shimplí  (eg i, le, go, ag, ar...)

Simple prepositions

Some take a h, some don't, some take urús, its all very confusing.

They are divided up into 4 groups.

Group 1 - no changes happen after these
  • ag
  • as
  • chuig
  • le
  • go
Group 2 - when using these  you add a shéimhú (h)
  • de
  • do
  • faoi
  • mar
  • ó
  • roimh
  • trí

Group 3 - take a shéimhú most of the time, but not always
  • ar
  • gan
  • idir
  • thar
  • um

Group 4 - takes an urú always
  • i


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  3. As with anything, there are exceptions, and so as true as this may be, it does not apply to every case. Maybe more detail is necessary to cover all truths.
    mar shampla: 'h' roimh an guta tar éis an réamhfhocal 'go'.

    1. I am aware there are many exceptions but I was trying to keep it simple, the basic rules.
      The 'h' on a word beginning with a vowel after using 'go' is not actually to do with the rules of the simple prepositions it is just because two vowels are coming together which is why i don't have that one here.

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  5. Do you know if don (do + an) takes a h?

  6. yes it does
    but not if an urú follows don.
    m/s don chailín
    don intinn

  7. Does sna take a h?

  8. What about vowels, if a word starts with a vowel can it take a h?

  9. does ar an put an uru eg ar an mbord?

  10. Hey doe sanybody know if De Mara becomes De Mhara?